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景观细部集成
  • 出版单位:唐艺设计资讯集团有限公司/湖南美术出版社
  • 出版日期:2011-07
  • 书刊编号:ISBN 978-7-5356-4581-4
  • 语言种类:中英文
  • 商品规格:12开 (262mm×320mm)12-mo (262mm×320mm )
  • 原 定 价:定价:980元
  • 订阅价:980.00
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将再续《景观红皮书》热销之盛况 ,更新更全更强大! 一部融合当今最优秀作品的景观大全!
内容介绍
随着经济的快速发展以及物质水平的提高,人们对生活环境品质的要求也日趋提高,从而促使景观行业成为国内设计行业中的新热点。

全书集景观细部图6000多例,分3册对景观细部进行生动详尽的展示。书中图例涉及实景图、平面图、扩初图、效果图等,图片内容涵盖楼盘景观、公园、湿地、旅游区等方面。其中实景图大部分为我们委派的专业摄影师专门赴国内外如中国西安、日本、美国等多地的多处优秀景观项目现场拍摄所得。全部图片按照现代景观要素细分为景观规划、扩初、鸟瞰、广场、庭院、水景、绿化、道路、铺装、景观小品、建筑小品、设施景观、景观照明13大类,类别详尽备至,信息量巨大。与其他景观细部书相比,本书一大亮点在于具备同类书所没有的景观规划图、景观扩初图及景观鸟瞰图三大类别。
Special Recommendation
With the rapid development of economy and the improvement of materialistic level, people have higher and higher requirement for quality of the living environment. In this situation, landscape industry is pushed to be a new hot topic in domestic 乐投Letou网址 industry.

This book selects more than 6000 pictures about landscape details of property landscape, park, wet land and tourism area. Most of the pictures are taken by our photographers like Xiao Kaixiong, who initiates a special trip to Xi’an in China and regions in Japan and America. These pictures are latest and original as well. According to modern landscape elements, all the pictures are categorized into 13 categories which are landscape planning, landscape early expansion figure, plaza, yard, waterscape, greening, road, mat formation, landscape ornament, architectural ornament, installation landscape and landscape lighting. In every category, there are secondary, third or even fourth subdivisions, making the categorization as detailed as possible and contain as much information as it can. Compared with other books on landscape details, this book simultaneously contains three categories, namely drawing of landscape planning, landscape early expansion figure and picture of landscape aerial view. This is also a highlight of this book.
项 目 介 绍

《景观细部集成》Ⅰ
景观规划
公共规划
住区规划

景观扩初
公共扩初
住区扩初

景观鸟瞰
公共鸟瞰
住区鸟瞰

广场
城市广场
社区广场

绿化




铺装



综合

道路
大道
小径
Project Introduction

Integration of Landscape Details Ⅰ
Landscape Planning
Planning of Public Landscape
Planning of Community Landscape

Landscape Early Expansion Figure
Public Landscape
Landscape in Residential Area

Landscape Aerial View
Public Landscape
Landscape in Residential Area

Plaza
Urban Plaza
Community Plaza

Greening
Flowers
Grass
Trees

Mat Formation
Stone
Wooden
Brick
Integrated Mat Formation

Road 乐投Letou网址
Avenue
Pathway

《景观细部集成》Ⅱ
庭院
空中花园
私家庭院
中心庭院
组团庭院

水景
动水
静水
硬质水面

景观照明
步道灯
景观灯
装饰灯
Integration of Landscape Details Ⅱ
Yards
Garden in the Air
Private Yards
Central Yards
Grouped Yards

Waterscape
Dynamic Water
Static Water
Hard Water Surface

Landscape Lighting
Footpath Lamp
Landscape Lamp
Decorative Lamp

《景观细部集成》Ⅲ
建筑小品



入口


设施景观
休息型
娱乐型
指示型

景观小品
雕塑
假山
景观拉膜
景观石
Integration of Landscape Details Ⅲ
Architectural Ornaments
Corridor
Wall
Bridge
Entrance
Pavilion

Installation Landscape
Installations for Rest
Recreational Installations
Indicative Installations

Landscape Ornaments
Sculpture 乐投Letou网址
Rockery
Tensioned Membrane Structure
Landscape Stone

精 彩 文 摘
景观规划
景观规划是指按照人类目标改变和设计景观的结构、形态与功能的宏观布局过程。
现代景观规划设计包括视觉景观形象、环境生态绿化、大众行为心理三个方面的内容。视觉景观形象主要是从人类视觉感受需求出发,根据美学规律,利用空间实体景观研究如何创造让人赏心悦目的物质环境。环境生态绿化主要是从人类的生态感受需求出发,根据自然界生物学原理,利用阳光、气候、动植物、土壤、水体等自然和人工材料,研究如何创造令人舒服的良好物理环境。大众行为心理主要是从人类的心理精神感受需求出发,根据人类在环境中的行为心理乃至精神活动的规律,利用心理文化的引导,研究如何创造使人心情愉悦、积极上进的精神环境。
在现代景观规划设计中,无论是公共景观规划还是住区景观规划,都要遵循生态原则。这主要体现在三个方面:以人为本、体现博爱,尊重自然、显露自然,保护资源、节约资源。
公共规划
公共景观规划是一个复杂的系统工程,它不同于一般的艺术创作,绝不应仅仅局限于形体方面,而必须着眼形体承载着的经济、社会、文化、美学等内涵。因此,公共景观规划应遵循人本性原则、形式美原则、地域性原则以及可持续发展原则。从宏观上讲,公共空间景观规划必须符合整个城市的生态环境要求。除了为人提供户外休闲、娱乐、健身等功能外,还要发挥平衡地区发展、调节土地使用强度、城市防灾、美化环境、净化污染等多项功能,成为一个地区可持续发展的重要保障。
Abstract
Landscape Planning
Landscape planning refers to the change and 乐投Letou网址 of the landscape structure made according to humans’ goal and the macroscopic process of arranging patterns and functions.
Modern landscape planning includes visual landscape image, environmental and ecological greening and mass behavioral psychology. Visual landscape image starts mainly with demand for visual feelings of human beings. According to the aesthetic principles, objective landscapes in the spaces are made use of to learn how to build up a pleasant materialistic environment.
The environmental and ecological greening starts mainly with demand for experiencing ecology. According to the biological principles in nature, natural and artificial materials like sunshine, climate, animals, plants, earth and water are made use of to learn how to build up a comfortable physical environment. Mass behavioral psychology starts with demand for spiritual experience. According to rules of behavioral psychology and spiritual activities, guidance of psychological culture is made use of to learn how to build up a pleasant and active spiritual environment.
In modern landscape planning, no matter public landscape planning or community landscape planning, they should conform to the ecological principle which is expressed in three aspects: human orientation which displays philanthropy; respect for nature and disclosure of nature; protection of resource and conservation of resource.
Planning for Public Landscape
The planning of public landscape is a quite complicated project. It is different from ordinary art works because it should not be limited in forms but should open its eyes to its connotation in economy, society, culture and aesthetics. Therefore, the planning of public landscape should conform to the following principles: principle of human orientation, principle of beauty in forms, principle of territory, principle of sustainable development.
Speaking from the macroscopic meaning, the planning of public landscape should be in accordance with the ecological environment of the whole city. Apart from the functions of outdoor leisure, recreation and body fitting, the public landscape should have the other functions like balancing the territorial development, adjusting land use intensity, disaster prevention, environment beautification and pollution clarification etc. Public landscape would become important protection of the sustainable development of the territory.

庭 院
庭院的意义在于居住者对它所提供的生活方式的认同,在于它所带来的院落“能指”(居住环境)和“所指”(居住者的生活方式、社会交往方式)的和谐关系,而此代码在现代集合住宅中的被扭曲和遗忘引发了居民对院落中亲密的邻里关系的怀念。
庭院作为人为的自然空间,它将自然和人工相结合起来,让人产生一种回归自然的向往。庭院中往往常采用小巧、精致的手法,设置植物、院路、亭廊、假山、雕塑、水池等,既表现出个性化的特点,同时给人们带来自然美、人工美的艺术享受。
庭院的设计应注意空间的比例尺度以及各处的观赏角度和距离,同时,庭院功能界定的一个主要因素是面积,面积小的庭院一般会着眼于家庭成员休闲、小憩这一诉求;而面积大一些的庭院,则可以增加娱乐、锻炼、聚会等诉求。不管是什么样的诉求,多大的面积,庭院的设计最重要的是将生硬的建筑与周围的环境相融合、与现有的环境相融合。小庭院宜聚,大庭院宜分,从而加强景深和层次,做到个性突出。
庭院景观设计应在满足基本功能的前提下,根据空间的大小、层次、尺度、景物、地面状况和建筑造型等进行组景,使庭小不觉局促,院大不感空旷,览之有物,游无倦意;各种庭景意境深远,景观丰富,耐人寻味,让人流连忘返。
私家庭院
私家庭院既是家的一个延伸的部分,又是一种生活的艺术化,它更多地融入了主人的个性。私家庭院设计应“以小见大”,首先根据主人的不同喜好做好整体风格的定型,如中式庭院、日式庭院,或西式庭院,然后从生态性、美观性和艺术性等多方面来布局设计。
庭院的布局从整体到局部都要讲求统一、个性化。一般而言,简单的布局可以在庭院中种些花草,再配上一些具有特色的点缀品。而讲究精细的话,用天然石材或各色地砖、黑白相间的鹅卵石铺就的小道则是必不可少的;同时,还要做到比例、韵律的协调,使庭院内景物在变化、统一的原则下,色彩、造型、线条等在时间和空间上给人一种和谐感。道路的布置、水体的流向、植物的面向也是整体规划必需考虑的。
Yards
The meaning of yards lies in the recognition of the living style it offers and in the harmonious relation between the residential environment yards could refer to and the living style and social interaction yards refer to. However, this code is distorted and forgotten in modern amalgamated dwelling, arising residents’ affection to the intimate neighbor relation in yards.
As an artificial space, yard combines nature with artifacts, making people yearn for returning to nature. Yards are always built with plants, pathways, rockeries, sculptures, ponds and fountains etc with delicate and exquisite 乐投Letou网址 techniques, expressing personalized characteristics and bringing people artistic enjoyment of beauty of nature and artifacts at the same time.
The 乐投Letou网址 for yards should pay attention to the spatial proportion and scale and angle and distance of view appreciation. At the same time, size is one of the elements determining definition of function. Small yards focus generally on the demands for leisure and rest; while large yards could increase demands for recreation, taking exercise and gathering. No matter what kind of demands and how large the size is, the most important thing for the 乐投Letou网址 of yards is to combine the rigid architecture with the surrounding environment and the current environment. Depth of field and hierarchy will be strengthened to achieve the goal of highlighting features and seeing wide views in a small confined space.
On the premise of satisfying the basic functions, landscape 乐投Letou网址 should group the landscape in the yard according to the space’s size, hierarchy, scale, scenery, state of the ground, and the modeling of architecture. In this way, small yards will not appear to be narrow, while big yards will not seem to be over-capacious. Visitors will not feel bored because there are abundant landscapes in good arrangement which will make so profound and lasting impression on visitors that they enjoy themselves too much to return.
Private Yards
Personal yards are not only the extension of a family, but also the art of life which is infused into a lot of personalities of the hosts. The 乐投Letou网址 for personal yards should focus on seeing wide views in a small confined space. According to the likeness of the hosts, the integrated style of the yards should be settled, such as the Chinese yard, the Japanese yard, or the western yard. Then, layout 乐投Letou网址 is put forward from the perspectives of ecology, aesthetics and art.
The layout of the yards requires unity and personalization from the whole space to details. Generally speaking, a yard with simple layout is always embellished with flowers, glasses, and some particular ornaments. While a yard with sophisticated layout requires pathways paved with natural stone, colored floor tiles, or black-and-white cobblestone. At the same time, this kind of layout demands for the coordination of proportion and rhythm of color, model, and lines, which will make the scenery of the yard give people a sense of harmony in time and space under the principle of change and unity. In addition, the distribution of pathways, the flowing direction of water, the direction of the plants are also the indispensable consideration of the integrated planning of the yard.

建筑小品
建筑小品以其丰富多彩的内容、轻巧美观的造型,在现代景观设计中起着点缀环境、活跃景色、烘托气氛、加深意境的作用。近几年,它更是得到广泛运用,人们在材料、形式、色彩上有了更多的选择余地。
建筑小品属于景观中的小型艺术品,其特征是体量较小,造型丰富,功能多样,富有特色。如亭、廊、架之类,不仅美化环境,装点景观,而且还具有各种使用功能,是集实用、美观于一体的景观要素。
建筑小品在设计上,首先要融入整体环境,配合周围建筑、道路、绿化及其他公共服务设施而设置,恰如其分地确定其材质、色彩、体量、尺度、题材、位置等,展示其整体美与协调美。其次,增加小品的亲和力,可以通过增加小品的趣味性和舒适性,起到活跃气氛的作用,从而给人们的交往提供良好的基础。

墙是一种普通的边界物,具有多样变化的形状,它能给人以坚固、安全的感觉,同时还可以起到隔断和保护隐私的作用。按照功能,墙一般划分为挡土墙、围墙、景观墙等。
墙本身的颜色和结构非常引人注目,它温暖而又有力的外表面非常适合攀援类植物的生长。在墙上除了以攀援植物来增添墙的多变性之外,不同的建墙材料也能取得不同的效果:天然薄石块水平砌筑,线条感强;条石或非常薄的石块可砌成优美的装饰性围墙。
在设计上,往往需要根据周围环境气氛,选择不同质感和色彩的材料进行建造,表现出或对立鲜明的效果,或协调统一的效果,从而营造视觉美感。
Architectural Ornaments
Architectural ornaments are featured with abundant contents and smart and beautiful profiles. They play important roles in embellishing the environment, activating the scenery, setting off the atmosphere and strengthening the conception etc. In recent years, architectural ornaments are widely used and offer more choices for people in the selection of material, form and color.
Architectural ornaments like pavilion, corridor and shelf are small arts in landscape which are featured with small size, various shapes, multiple functions, and abundant feature. They not only beautify the environment and embellish the landscape but also carry a lot of functions, making them important landscape elements which combine function and beauty.
In the 乐投Letou网址 of architectural ornaments, firstly, the integrated environment should be taken into account with the combination of the surrounding architecture, road, greening, and other public service facilities to appropriately confirm material, color, figure, size, theme, and location etc. of the sculptures, which help display the beauty of integration and harmony. Then, affinity of the architectural ornaments should be strengthened by adding enjoyment and comfort and activating the atmosphere, thus offering a favorable basis to people’s communication.
Wall
Wall is an ordinary boundary with various shapes. It makes people feel firm and safe. Meanwhile, it could act as partition and protect privacy. According to different functions, wall can be divided into earth-retaining wall, enclosure and feature wall etc.
The color and structure of wall is so attractive, for its warmth and vigor help climbing plants grow. The climbing plants in the wall strengthen its variety. Different kinds of building materials bring different effects. For example, the natural thin stone vertically cut has strong linear sense, while the striped stone can be used to build beautiful decorative enclosure.
When 乐投Letou网址ing, 乐投Letou网址ers should take account of the surrounding atmosphere and choose materials with different textures and colors to express distinctive or coordinating effects, achieving visual beauty.

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